Diplomat appointed to US Treasury aims to limit China’s influence on loans

Jay Shambaugh, associate professor of economics at George Washington University, speaking during a discussion on macro policy in the United States on Wednesday, April 17, 2013. The candidate for the post of economic diplomacy of the United States Treasury said on Tuesday that he wanted to limit China’s global growth lend influence by working with international financial institutions and development banks to provide countries with borrowing alternatives.

Andre Harrer | Bloomberg | Getty Images

The US Treasury’s top economic diplomacy candidate said on Tuesday he wanted to limit China’s growing influence over global lending by working with international financial institutions and development banks to provide countries with borrowing alternatives. .

Jay Shambaugh is President Joe Biden’s choice as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs. If confirmed, the George Washington University professor and former economic adviser to the Obama administration would fill a crucial Treasury post that has been vacant since the Biden administration took office in January 2021.

Addressing a Senate Finance Committee confirmation hearing, Shambaugh said there is competition between China’s state-led economic model and the US model based on rule of law, transparency and markets. .

He said that by working with institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, he would seek to present “a good alternative option to engaging with China for countries, whether in the form of loans or ‘other types of commitments’.

Shambaugh said China should no longer be considered a developing country eligible for World Bank loans. He also said he wanted to ensure that International Monetary Fund monetary reserves for special drawing rights funneled to poorer countries were not used to pay off debts owed to China for infrastructure projects. of the Belt and Road.

Regarding the Biden administration’s deliberations on whether to reduce some tariffs on Chinese goods imposed by the Trump administration, Shambaugh echoed Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen’s comments that some of those tariffs had “less impact.” ‘strategic orientation’. He said these tariffs should be reassessed as the economy has changed since they were imposed.

On the Treasury’s role in monitoring currency manipulation by major U.S. trading partners, Shambaugh said its work would extend far beyond producing currency manipulation reports every six months.

Regardless of Treasury labeling countries as currency manipulators in reports, the department should still engage with those countries to ensure they meet their G7, G20 and IMF commitments to avoid manipulate their currencies for commercial gain, he said.

Longtime Deputy Treasury Secretary Andy Baukol filled the vacant post of Undersecretary, while David Lipton, an adviser to Yellen and a former senior IMF official, played a key role in crafting the Treasury’s international economic policy.

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